Antioxidant potential of Thymoquinone against Arsenic mediated neurotoxicity


Free Radicals and Antioxidants,2016,6,1,115-123.
Published:4th Aug 2015
Type:Original Article

Antioxidant potential of Thymoquinone against Arsenic mediated neurotoxicity

Fakiha Firdaus1, Mohd Faraz Zafeer1, Ehraz Anis1, Mahino Fatima1, M Mobarak Hossain1 and Mohammad Afzal2*

1Interdisciplinary Brain Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

2Human Genetics and Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Introduction: Arsenic, an established poisonous metalloid has widespread occurrence in the environment which is posing a constant threat to health and survival of all living organisms. In view of arsenic induced oxidative stress and toxicity, this study focuses on the mitigatory role of thymoquinone, a major active component in the volatile oil of Nigella sativa (commonly known as black cumin); as its nutraceutical value can fulfil the demand of such dietary supplements in high risk population areas. Methods: In the current study, brain preparations of male wistar rats were used to assess different biochemical markers of oxidative stress and genotoxicity. Results: Significant and dose-dependent alterations in the level of enzymatic and biochemical biomarkers of oxidative stress were observed in the As-treated system. However, pre-treatment with thymoquinone brought about significant reduction in the As-induced neurotoxicity. Also, a significant decline in arsenic-induced DNA damage was recorded on pre-treatment with thymoquinone in comet assay. Conclusion: This study proves usefulness of antioxidant potential of thymoquione in mitigating the arsenic induced neurotoxicity.

Cite This Article

About Journal

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs. About Journal : Free Radicals and Antioxidants [ISSN: 2231-2536] is an online peer reviewed publication dedicated to publishing novel, original findings in the field of free radical biology and both natural and synthetic antioxidants. Free radicals, which are defined as molecules containing one or more unpaired electrons in their outmost atomic or molecular orbital have emerged as double edged swords.The Free Radicals and Antioxidants Journal aims to foster the dissemination of scientific information by publishing manuscripts that provide new insights into the biology of free radicals, including their generation, degradation, modulation, role in cellular function and cell signaling. The submission of uninvited expert reviews and research articles in all areas of Free Radical Biology and Antioxidants are also welcomed. Free Radicals and Antioxidants publishes full research papers presenting original, high quality research, critical review articles providing comprehensive analysis of research development within a defined area and editorial commentaries on key topical issues in Free Radical and Antioxidant Biology.
Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Free Radicals and Antioxidants and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month
Editorial Board
Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Free Radical Biology, Antioxidants
ISSN : 2231-2536 ; Frequency : Half Yearly - Rapid at a time publication (2 issues/year)
Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Free Radicals and Antioxidants is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.