Antioxidant, Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Properties of Essential Oil from Corchorus olitorius L. Flowers and Leaf

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Abstract
Free Radicals and Antioxidants,2016,6,1,34-43.
Published:4th Aug 2015
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Dorra Driss1,2*, Mohamed Kaoubaa1, Riadh Ben Mansour3, Fatma Kallel1, Baha eddine Abdelmalek1 and Semia Ellouz Chaabouni1,2

1Unité Enzymes et Bioconversion, Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Sfax, Université de Sfax, route de Soukra 3038, Sfax, Tunisia.

2Unité de service commun bioréacteur couplé à un ultrafiltre, Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Sfax, Université de Sfax, route de Soukra 3038, Sfax, Tunisia.

3Biotechnology and pathologies Unit, Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Sfax, B.P. 1175, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia.

Abstract:

Background: This present research highlight the phytochemical profile, the antioxidant, the antimicrobial, the antimutagenic and the antiproliferative activities of an essential oil extracted from Corchorus olitorius L. flowers and leaf (COFL), an aromatic plant widely distributed in Tunisia and used as a traditional food plant. Results: Gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry was used to determine the composition of the COFL essential oil (COFL-EO). Forty-three components were identified and the main compounds were benzaldehyde (56%), methyl 4-methoxysalicylate (6.55%) and carvacrol (4.75%). The COFL-EO was also found to possess antioxidant activities, as evaluated by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical method and β-carotene bleaching assay. The antibacterial activities showed good growth inhibition compared to positive controls. The diameter of the inhibition zones reached a maximum of 16.7 ± 0.1 mm when tested against Salmonella typhimurium using just 6 mg extract. On the other hand, the antimutagenic activity was assessed using the Ames Salmonella/microsome mutagenicity test and the COLF-EO exhibited high antimutagenic effects at 0.125, 0.0125 and 0.00125 mg/plate. Antiproliferative activity of this essential oil evaluated in four mammalian cells lines was significantly stronger in Hela cell line (IC50=4 ± 0.98 μg/mL). Conclusion: Overall, results presented here suggest that the COFL-EO is a potential new source of active ingredients for food and pharmaceutical industry.