Evaluation of Antioxidant Properties in Thirteen Fijian Medicinal Plants Used in Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Illness

groupview

Abstract
Free Radicals and Antioxidants,2018,8,1,11-17.
Published:October 2017
Type:Original Article

Evaluation of Antioxidant Properties in Thirteen Fijian Medicinal Plants Used in Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Illness

Ranish Nitesh Chand1,2, Romila Devi Gopalan1* and Ketan Christi1

1School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, FIJI

2Senior Education Officer Research, Ministry of Education Heritage and Arts, FIJI

Abstract:

Objective: The present study aims to evaluate antioxidant properties of decoction and ethanol extracts of Fijian medicinal plants using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay. Method: Thirteen plant species belonging to Melastomataceae, Asteraceae, Apiaceae, Rutaceae, Goodeniaceae, Loganiaceae, Araliaceae, Solanaceae, Polygonaceae, Zingiberaceae and Anacardiaceae families were tested at 0.2 mg/mL, 0.4 mg/mL, 0.6 mg/mL, 0.8 mg/mL, 1.0 mg/mL, 1.5 mg/mL and 2.0 mg/mL concentrations for antioxidant properties. The antioxidant capabilities were compared with ascorbic acid standard. Results and Discussions: Among the decoction and ethanol extracts tested, all plants showed DPPH scavenging activity. The most potent antioxidant activity was seen in C. hirta with an IC50 value of 0.64 mg/mL. The activity of C. hirta was twofold more potent than the standard ascorbic acid (IC50 = 1.33 mg/mL) indicating that polar extracts of C. hirta contains compounds with relatively better antioxidant properties than ascorbic acid. Conclusion: The plant extracts used in this study were crude extracts, as it is envisaged that if the phytochemicals were isolated and purified from these plants, more prominent results could be expected. These plants could prove leads to safer and better candidates for the future selection of antioxidant.

About Journal

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs. About Journal : Free Radicals and Antioxidants [ISSN: 2231-2536] is an online peer reviewed publication dedicated to publishing novel, original findings in the field of free radical biology and both natural and synthetic antioxidants. Free radicals, which are defined as molecules containing one or more unpaired electrons in their outmost atomic or molecular orbital have emerged as double edged swords.The Free Radicals and Antioxidants Journal aims to foster the dissemination of scientific information by publishing manuscripts that provide new insights into the biology of free radicals, including their generation, degradation, modulation, role in cellular function and cell signaling. The submission of uninvited expert reviews and research articles in all areas of Free Radical Biology and Antioxidants are also welcomed. Free Radicals and Antioxidants publishes full research papers presenting original, high quality research, critical review articles providing comprehensive analysis of research development within a defined area and editorial commentaries on key topical issues in Free Radical and Antioxidant Biology.
Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Free Radicals and Antioxidants and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month
Editorial Board
Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Free Radical Biology, Antioxidants
ISSN : 2231-2536 ; Frequency : Half Yearly - Rapid at a time publication (2 issues/year)
Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Free Radicals and Antioxidants is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.