In vitro antioxidant studies of Sitopaladi Churna, a polyherbal Ayurvedic formulation

Authors

  • Inder Kumar Makhija Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal college of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka,
  • H. N. Aswatha Ram Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal college of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka,
  • C. S. Shreedhara Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal college of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka,
  • Vijay Kumar S Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal college of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka,
  • Raviraj Devkar Department of Pharmacognosy, Manipal college of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5530/ax.2011.2.8

Keywords:

Free radicals, Antioxidant, Sitopaladi churna, Phenolic compounds

Abstract

Introduction:Sitopaladi churna” is a reputed Ayurvedic polyherbal medicine prescribed for pleurodynia, intercostal neuralgia, cough associated with bronchitis, supportive agent for allergy, viral respiratory infection, and in pharyngeal and chest congestion. Antioxidants play an important role in protecting cellular damage by reactive oxygen species. Plants containing phenolic compounds have been reported to possess strong antioxidant properties. Methods: Antioxidant potential of the Sitopaladi churna was studied using different in vitro free radical models like DPPH, ABTS, nitric oxide and superoxide scavenging radical models. Results: The extracts showed good dose dependent free radical scavenging property in all the models. IC50 values of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Sitopaladi churna were found to be 65.6 and 44.88 μg/ml for DPPH, 74.5 and 66.46 μg/ml for ABTS, 191.77 and 170.15 μg/ml for nitric oxide, 94.79 and 62.03 μg/ ml for superoxide radical, respectively. Total phenolic contents of aqueous and methanolic extract were found to be 256.25 and 298.2 µg equivalent of gallic acid. Conclusions: The antioxidant potential may be directly linked to the phenolic compounds present in the ingredients of Sitopaladi churna. The data obtained in this study suggest a possible use of Sitopaladi churna as a natural antioxidant agent.

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Percentage DPPH radical scavenging activity of aqueous and methanolic extract of Sitopaladi churna. Data expressed are as mean ± SD (n = 3)

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Published

2020-12-11

How to Cite

Kumar Makhija, I., Aswatha Ram, H. N. ., Shreedhara, C. S. ., Kumar S, V., & Devkar, R. . (2020). In vitro antioxidant studies of Sitopaladi Churna, a polyherbal Ayurvedic formulation. Free Radicals and Antioxidants, 1(2), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.5530/ax.2011.2.8